Why Abortion Should be Banned

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Argumentative Essay

The act of abortion should be banned because it deliberately destroys a human life. I believe that every form of the act, without any exceptions, should be outlawed simply because abortion is merely "murdering out of convenience". From the moment that a child is conceived, no matter how small or underdeveloped he or she may seem, that child is a human being that is a separate part of its mother and a human entity all its own. And the taking of a human life by another human being is easily defined as homicide, which under other circumstances would be punishable by law.

Many people try to rationalize their actions by saying that their abortion actually contributes to society and that “if legal abortion were not available, more women would experience unwanted childbearing” and that “mothers with unwanted births suffer from higher levels of depression” thus resulting in the abuse of their “unwanted children”. (Source: PlannedParenthood.com; Barber, et al., 1999) However, women have the opportunity to opt for an adoption for their unborn child, not only letting an innocent child live but giving another family the prospect of having a very wanted addition to their household. Would we “eliminate” a child simply because he or she is unwanted by their parents? No, our society would find an alternative home for the child while caring for him or her in federal funded homes until a proper caretaker is obtained. Aborting an unborn infant is essentially the same as murdering an unwanted child who lives outside of the womb. Both are seen by their parent(s) as “valueless” individuals in society and an inconvenience to the parents themselves. Yet the law in the United States says that the abortion of a baby up to the point of partial birth is legal, except when “the baby is delivered past the [baby's] navel . . . outside the body of the mother," or "in the case of head-first presentation, the entire fetal head is outside the body of the mother," before being killed. (Source: nlrc.com) Since when is a baby who has not passed entirely through the birth canal not a human being? Can the few millimeters that divide part of the fetal head to “the entire fetal head” really determine if the act of destroying a human life is legal or illegal? “CBS Evening News has repeatedly referred to the bill (a bill which outlaws a method of late-term abortion) as a ‘late-term abortion ban.’”  It is not actually a ban not of "late-term abortion" but of a defined method - and the legal definition of that method has never referred to a point in "term," but rather, to the location of the living baby when he or she is killed. (Source: nlrc.org) One would not stand by if a child were taken into a clinic to be murdered, for whatever reason. So how could we have passed a law that permits the murder of nearly forty million children (Source: prolifeactionleague.org) since the 1973 Supreme Court abortion decisions? Abortion laws vary widely in developed countries and developing countries, with a lower rate of abortions in developed countries than in developing countries. Vietnam leads with the highest rate of abortions in the world, with a little more than 80 out of a 1000 women getting an abortion per year. The abortion rate in Vietnam is followed closely by Romania and the Russian Federation. (Source: The Alan Guttmacher Institute (AGI), Sharing Responsibility: Women, Society and Abortion Worldwide, New York, AGI, 1999, p. 28) In the United States, abortion was illegal until the Supreme Court's 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade; “the right to choose abortion is constitutionally protected until fetal viability”, after which states may prohibit abortion except when it is necessary to save a woman's life or protect her health. (Source: prochoice.org) Today there are several appalling types of abortion: suction abortion, also referred to as vacuum aspiration; dilation and curettage, or D&C abortion; dilation and evacuation,...
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