The book definition of happiness is a state of well-being characterized by emotions ranging from contentment to intense joy. The true meaning of happiness varies from person to person. Everyone has a different definition of what happiness means to them and what can make one person happy, can make another person unhappy. For the citizens of Utopia, those of Bensalem, and those of Brave New World, they all claim to be very happy living in their own "utopias". However, the real question is are they really happy with the way they are living or are they pretending to be happy because that is what they were taught to believe happiness really is. In this essay, I will be writing about the citizens of Utopia, Bensalem, and Brave New World and explaining which of these citizens I believe are the happiest and why.
In Utopia, Hythloday talks about living on the island of Utopia and how he was happy living there. He says he was happy living there because he liked the way the government was run there and how no one had to worry about money or private property. He believes in communal property because it reduces pride, greed, poverty, and the exploitation of the poor by the wealthy. Since Hythloday also believed that money was the root of all evil, that the unequal distribution of goods is unjust, and that money itself does not bring happiness, the island of Utopia was the perfect society for him. Besides the economic equality in Utopia, he also liked the learning, the studying time for the philosophic types (like himself), and the choice of what religion you wanted to be. Hythloday's definition of happiness is the improvement of the mind.
As for the other citizens on the island of Utopia, I don't think they were as happy as Hythloday was. They had to live on a set schedule that they had to follow every day. I would think it would get very boring after awhile doing the same thing day after day. Everything they did from the minute they woke up in the morning to the time they had to be sleeping at night was on a set schedule. They did have time set aside for free time, but even with that they didn't have much of an option of what they could do. They couldn't spend that time in idle and certainly not sleeping. That free time was pretty much time where they had to do more work.
On the island of Utopia, there was also inequality of women. Women were not treated as equal as men were in this society. When it came to work, women were seen as weak and had to do jobs in wool and flax. Women also had less power than men and had to serve their husbands. When they all sit down to eat the women also do not sit next to their husbands. Before religious holidays, women had to go in front of their husbands and admit all their wrongdoings to them. In this society, women were inferior to men. I would think they were not too happy with this, but since they had no say in anything they had no choice but to deal with it.
Some other things that I would think would not make the citizens happy were the traveling procedures, no smoking or choices of beverages, the family number maintenance, and the changing of jobs. The changing of jobs was a big one because if you wanted to change your job, you also had to change your family. This meant that you had to leave your family and go to a new one. I think this is very strange and would make the person unhappy leaving behind their family.
Even though most of the things that go on in Utopia could be strange and make someone unfamiliar with this kind of society unhappy, for the most part the citizens of Utopia seem pretty happy with their lifestyle. Their understanding of unhappiness could be persuasive, especially when Hythloday is talking about it.It can be appealing to some because no one would have to deal with poverty, greed, or jealousy. Everyone would also...