Ms. Rita Brown
March, 14, 2013
Who is John Dewey?
John Dewey was born on October 20, 1858 in Burlington, Vermont. He had 3 brothers of which he was the third born. His oldest brother dies as an infant. His mother was a Christian devout to John Calvin’s system of Christian theology later called Calvinism. His father owned a grocery business then left to join the Union Army as a soldier in the Civil War. After the war he owned a tobacco shop which was very successful. Dewey was an excellent student as a youth in public school. At the age of 15 he enrolled at the University of Vermont where he studied philosophy as a trustee of H.A.P Torrey. He graduated with his bachelor’s in 1879 as Phi Beta Kappa. He then went on to John Hopkins University and received his doctrine in philosophy in 1884. He then began teaching philosophy and psychology at the University of Michigan. There he found the experimental psychology being advanced in the United States by G. Stanley Hall and philosopher and psychologist William James instead of the philosophy of Georg Wilhelm Friefrich Hegel. As he studied child psychology of education that will help progress the changing democratic society. In 1887, Dewey, published his first book “Psychology”. In 1894 he joined the University of Chicago as faculty of philosophy. In 1899 he was elected the president of the American Psychological Association and one of his major books “The Social Progress” was published. He resigned from the University of Chicago in 1904. A year later he joined the Department of Philosophy at Colombia University in New York and became president of the American Philosophical Association. In 1910 “Influence of Darwin on Philosophy”, “Other Essays in Contemporary thought” and “How we think” which were written by Dewey were published. From 1910 until about 1948 he continued writhing and publishing books. In 1930 he retired from active teaching. His life comes to an end...
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