February 8th, 2013
For this assignment we are to conduct research on a chosen ethnic or racial group to which we belong. The ethnic group that is chosen for this paper is the Irish ethnicity. The Irish did not colonize in the America’s; moreover they immigrated during the colonial period and thereafter. Most of the Irish immigrated during the 1840s because of the Irish famine. The word immigrate means “to come to a new country as a permanent resident” (Schaefer, 2011). The Irish mainly settled in New York, and they were faced with a combination of prejudice, segregation and racism. The Irish faced prejudice because of their Catholic religion. They faced segregation because they were poor and uneducated. They were subjected to racism because many people thought that they were worse than black people. (Schaefer, 2006) The reason that they believed this is because the black people tolerated the treatment, and the Irish would not suffer the maltreatment in silence. (Schaefer, 2006)
In this next section, we are to define the following terms and explain which ones the ethnic group that we chose were affected by.
Dual Labor Market is defined as “a proposition that our economy has two classes of workers” (Schaefer, 2011) The Irish often suffered dual labor market as only the lowest paying jobs and unskilled jobs were made available to them. Most of the Irish worked for the Railroads and were told that the pay was high but when they were given the jobs the pay was lowered to the extreme.
An environmental justice issue is defined as “efforts to ensure that hazardous substances are controlled so that all communities receive protection regardless of race or socioeconomic circumstances”. (Schaefer, 2012, p. 72) The Irish dealt with many environmental justice issues when they came to America in over packed ships and with poor living conditions.
Affirmative action is defined as “positive efforts to recruit...