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By | November 2012
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During World War II, Horseshoe Curve was used to transport troops and material for the Allied war effort, and was placed under armed guard.[22] The military intelligence arm of Nazi Germany, the Abwehr, plotted to sabotage important industrial assets in the United States in a project code-named Operation Pastorius.[23] In June 1942, four men were brought by submarine and landed on the coast of Long Island. They were tasked with destroying such sites as the curve, the Hell Gate Bridge, Alcoa aluminum factories and the locks on theOhio River.[24] The would-be saboteurs were eventually apprehended by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) after one, George John Dasch, turned himself in.[25]

Three Norfolk Southern freight trains pass each other on the curve in 2006.

As part of the celebrations in 1954 for the centennial of the opening of Horseshoe Curve, anight photo was arranged by Sylvania Electric Products using 6,000 flashbulbs and 31 miles (50 km) of wiring to illuminate the curve.[26] The stunt also commemorated the 75th anniversary of the incandescent light bulb. The Pennsylvania steam locomotive 1361 was placed at the park inside the Horseshoe Curve on June 8, 1957.[27] The locomotive, a K4s-class, was one of the principal locomotive types used by the Pennsylvania Railroad and that regularly plied the curve.[28] Horseshoe Curve was listed on the National Register of Historic Places and was designated a National Historic Landmark on November 13, 1966.[1][29] The operation of the observation park was transferred to the city of Altoona the same year.[30] The Pennsylvania Railroad was combined with the New York Central Railroad in 1968. The merger created Penn Central, which went bankrupt and was taken over by the federal government in 1976, as part of the merger that created Conrail. The second track from the inside at Horseshoe Curve was removed by Conrail in 1981.[31] The K4s 1361 was removed from the curve for a restoration to working order in...
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