What Exactly Are We Drinking?
Since the beginning of human existence, pollution has been a problem rapidly increasing with the growth of the world’s population. Throughout history, it has been a major source of diseases and plagues such as the bubonic plague. One serious threat of people’s health is the pollution of our underground watering systems. Many steps have been taken to help solve the pollution problem, a problem that still hasn’t been completely solved. Groundwater is located under the earth’s surface in soil pore spaces, an aquifer is a unit of rock or an unconsolidated deposit that can give a decent quality of water this is how ground water is processed. Many people do not know this but ground water is a prime source of our nation’s water source, the irrigation of water and how it is polluted tends to go unnoticed. The contamination of ground water mostly occurs when gasoline, road salts, oil and chemicals get in the ground and spreads to the aquifers, which causes contamination that can be harmful to human’s health. Bosworth Brendon from the Environment Protection Agency says, “That at least 100,000 underground tanks storing gasoline, diesel fuel, home heating oil, and toxic solvents are leaking their contents into groundwater in the United States.” Storage tanks are a primary source of pollution it is where pollution is stored; it can contain gas, oil chemical, or other types of liquids that can affect the groundwater and its process. There are estimated to be over 10 million storage tanks buried in the United States and over time the tanks can corrode, crack and develop leaks. If the contaminants leak out and get into the groundwater, Ground serious contamination can occur. Another serious source of contaminated ground water is septic systems. Septic systems drain away human waste in the ground at a slow pace that makes it at harmless rate. They are designed and used by buildings, businesses, homes and buildings not a part of the city’s sewer system. A bad septic system can cause leakage of bacteria, harmful viruses and other contaminates into the groundwater causes serious problems. The most serious cause of water contamination is dealing with nitrate, it is found in ground water and wells. It is caused from too much fertilization used in agriculture and crop fields. Nitrate in our water can cause biological effects; creating great health risks for human population, nitrate pollutions main cause is the development of gastric an intestinal cancer. Due to the discovery of great health risks in the contaminated water by nitrate finding effective treatments to reduce nitrate concentration levels has become at a higher priority. The process of treating the contaminated nitrate water is an ion exchange it reduces the levels of nitrate in our water. New York Times, Felicity Barringer states in her article, “However these treatments no don’t completely get rid of the entire nitrate problem, it just brings them down to a level that is consumable.” So why is groundwater at a low risk ecological problem? Contaminated ground water is a serious threat to human’s health. Environment Protection Agency, Scientist Anthony Deplama say , “ A serious threat to human health is the out-of-sight pollution of groundwater, a prime source of water for drinking and irrigation.” Experts from Environment Protection Agency rate groundwater pollution at a high risk problem, it becomes a problem because waste on the surface spreading to the aquifers. Waste tend to flow less than 0.3 meters or 1 foot per day this process of pollution is very effective, a smaller form of polluted underground water is decomposing bacteria. Ground water is considered a nonrenewable resource it is because time and money. Most groundwater, but not all comes from aquifers; which can be likened to underground rivers, although their flow rates are relatively much slower than free flowing water above ground. All aquifers have a "recharge zone" where new water...
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