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State and Federal Court Systems
Kevin Mauldin
Walden University
CRJS– 1001 Criminal Justice

Abstract

Although the federal and state courts systems are different, both have similarities in that they are to base their ruling on the constitution, and to treat each person or state with fairness.

Historical development
The development of our court systems was a great day in our history. It was a tough beginning, and not really consistent, they have evolved as a part of our country to maintain order. Some difference between the state and federal courts are that the state courts were developed from colonial arrangements, whereas the federal court was created based on our constitution. Another difference is the state courts typically settle criminal cases and civil suits where the federal court system settles disputes between states. Some similarities are they were both created based on the constitution. However, the state court is based off the state constitution, but the state constitution models the federal constitution. Another similarity was had the courts were organized. Although not perfect, both the federal and state court developed a three tiered structure. They were trial courts of limited jurisdiction, trial courts of general jurisdiction, and appellate courts. (Schmalleger 2012) Jurisdiction

The federal court and the state court are different in jurisdiction because the federal court system has to “exercise its jurisdiction,” must be met before they can hear a case. Next the federal court system are located an all states the state courts have the jurisdiction over legal disputes, whereas the federal court will have jurisdiction over bankruptcy matters. How they are similar is, both the federal and state courts can both of jurisdiction, this is called concurrent jurisdiction. Another similarity is, it is possible for a state and federal court system to hear a criminal case. (United States Courts 2012) Current...
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