The Civil Rights Movements
In May 17, 1954 The Supreme Court rules on the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans., unanimously agreeing that segregation in public schools is unconstitutional. The ruling paves the way for large-scale desegregation. The decision overturns the 1896 Plessey v. Ferguson ruling that sanctioned "separate but equal" segregation of the races, ruling that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal." It is a victory for NAACP attorney Thurgood Marshall, who will later return to the Supreme Court as the nation's first black justice. August 1955 Fourteen-year-old Chicagoan was visiting family in Mississippi when he was kidnapped, and was beaten badly, shot, and dumped in the Tallahatchie River. They had done this because people had said that he allegedly whistled at a white woman. Two white men, J. W. Milam and Roy Bryant, where arrested for the murder and where all in front of an all-white jury. They later talked about committing the murder in a Look magazine interview. The case becomes a cause of the civil rights movement. On December 1,1955 in Montgomery Alabama, Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat at the front of the colored section of a bus to a white passenger. In response to her arrest the Montgomery black community launches a bus boycott, which lasted for more than a year, until the buses diced to desegregated in Dec. 21, 1956. Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., was instrumental in leading the bus boycott. Martin Luther King, Charles K. Steele, and Fred L. Shuttlesworth establish the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, of which MLK is made the first president. The SCLC becomes a major force in organizing the civil rights movement and bases its principles on nonviolence and civil disobedience. According to MLK, it is essential that the civil rights movement not sink to the level of the racists. "We must...