What Were Concentration Camps?

Topics: Nazi Germany, The Holocaust, Nazi concentration camps Pages: 2 (770 words) Published: October 5, 2011
The Holocaust is simply one of the most terrible and horrific crimes against humanity of all time.It stripped so many innocent people of their rights as human beings and put them through some of the most awful and indescribable things that most people could not even begin to imagine. Adolf Hitler tried to create a pure Aryan race, so he decided that all jews, mentally ill, gypsies, and also non supporters of Nazi ideas, should be eliminated from the German population.He carried out his goal by using a very systematic plan. One of his main methods of "doing away" with these people was through the use of concentration camps. In a meeting in January 1941 Hitler, along with some of his top officials decided on a plan that was called the "final solution", the plan was a systematic approach to the elimination of the Jewish population. During the Holocaust there were nearly 20,000 concentration camps that were established by the Nazis between the years 1933 and 1945. The first concentration camp was set up in 1933. In the earlier days of the Holocaust concentration camps were places that held people in protective custody. Victims for protective custody included those who were both physically and mentally ill, gypsies, homosexuals, Jehovah Witnesses, Jews and anyone against the Nazis. By the end of 1933 there were at least fifty concentration camps throughout occupied Europe. At first, the camps were controlled by the Gestapo (police), but by 1934 the S.S were ordered to control the camps.Concentration camps were set up for different purposes. Some were for forced labor, others for medical experiments and, later on, for death and extermination. There were also transition camps were set up as holding places for prisoners going to death camps. The camps were set up along railroad lines, so that the prisoners would be close to the camp that they were going to be sent to. There were six death camps, Chelmno, Treblinka, Auschwitz also known as Birkenau, Sobibor,...
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