What Was the Relationship Between Leadership Style Had on Organizational Culture? Please Describe This Issue in Detail Referring to All Leadership Styles Assessed in the Study and to Characteristics of Organizational Culture.

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Scholars in various disciplines have defined the phenomena of leadership and organizational culture (OC) as the driving forces in the success or failure of an organization. The study for this case assignment builds a hypotheses on the question; “Does a relationship exist between the Nurse Managers’ leadership styles and the nursing unit’s OC as perceived by staff nurses? ( Casida , 2008)”. The setting of the study takes place in four acute care hospitals in the largest health care system in New Jersey. A sample of nurse managers (NM) and staff nurses (SN) were pooled from the participating hospitals for the study. Although there has been increased interest in organizational culture as an important factor in quality of health care, there is little consensus regarding the meaning of the term. Definitions of organizational culture include a wide range of social phenomena such as values, behaviors, and assumptions shared by members of an organization or a social group (Scott et al., 2003a). Schein (1990) described culture as a pattern of basic assumptions invented, discovered, or developed by a given group as it learns to cope with its problems of external adaptation and internal integration that has worked well enough to be considered valid and therefore to be taught to new members as the correct way to perceive, to think, and to relate to those problems (Brazil, et al, 2010). Denison summarizes OC into four distinct traits; adaptability, mission, involvement and consistency. “Adaptability; this refers to the organization’s ability to translate the demands of the business environment into action. It also denotes the organization’s system of norms and beliefs, which support the organization’s capacity to receive, interpret, and translate signals from its operational and competitive environment into internal behavioral changes that increase its chances for survival, growth, and development. Generally, employees have the sense of creating change, customer focus,...
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