What Types of Internal and External Factors Affect Development

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What Types of Internal and External Factors Affect Development

By | December 2012
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2.1 Explain how development of children and young people is influenced by their range of personal factors. There are two main factors which affect a child and young person’s development. The first is personal factors this can be linked to genetics, health and learning difficulties all of which influence the development of a child. Then there is personality which is linked to the environment which is influenced later on in the development. Genetics

Genetic information about a child is important to know and understand if they have any condition which they were born with, has been passed down through the genes or does the child have any abnormalities which will influence its personal development. For example if a child is born with Downs Syndrome the child will be born with distinguished facial features which will lead to bullying. Nearly all individual with Downs Syndrome experience some type of physical impairment which can affect their cognitive ability and physical growth therefore they will need constant support through daily activities. Cerebral palsy is a non-progressive and non-contagious disability which is also developed at birth due to the brain, the exact severity can vary dramatically. This can affect the motor conditions which can cause physical disability in human development, resulting limits in movement and posture. Learning Difficulties

Learning difficulties are also a personal factor which affects development of a child. This can affect their self-esteem and confidence and will mostly be treated different to other children in the class. For example a child who may have mild learning difficulties will be generally slow to develop language abilities and social behaviour during the pre-school years. They may be slow at acquiring academic skills such as reading, writing and maths which can lead to the child being frustrated as they feel they are not capable of doing simple tasks and need additional support in comparison to other children. This can...
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