What Should Be Prepared for Underground Mining Safety

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Modern underground mines have rigorous safety rules and precautions and mining companies require a great deal of on-the-job safety training. In addition, the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969 directed the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health to study the causes of coal-related diseases and to develop a program to prevent the heath problems of coal workers. Mining requires workers to spend long hours underground in hazardous and often unstable conditions. Miners use a variety of safety equipment to stay safe on the job daily. These pieces of equipment can save the lives of those who choose to enter this particularly dangerous line of work.

Cap Lamps

Mines are completely dark unless workers are near the entrance or provide the light themselves.

Miners often have their own personal lights attached to their hard hats, even if the work site has lights set up. The workers may need to make their way through dark areas to transition from one spot to another, or the light system's power could fail. A miner's hard hat can be fitted with a small battery pack and a lamp that hooks to the front.


Inhalation hazards are among the most significant dangers for workers in mines. Gases can cause nausea or may even be toxic. Dust particles in the air can cause respiratory complications and more.

Minors often use respirators to reduce inhalation levels and work comfortably in the mine. The style of respirator varies based on the dangers associated with a particular mine. Many respirators are simple face masks with an odor filter and protection from airborne contaminants. Some are powered and provide a flow of fresh oxygen to the miner.

Gas Detection

The days of taking a canary into the coal mine as a warning system of poisonous gases are long gone. Gas detection sensors are now placed in mines to monitor the levels of methane, carbon monoxide, oxygen, nitrogen dioxide and other gasses to ensure that the workers are...
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