In the 1600's in the New England colonies of Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Connecticut, what began as a system of primarily teaching male children to read and interpret the Bible was eventually reformed to the 19th century concept of creating a national public school system which would be used as a community cornerstone to “create better citizens, unite society and prevent crime and poverty” (Thattai, n.d.).
Since the inception of the education system, many strides have been made towards improvement which have included the legal system in some notable cases such as Brown v. The Board of Education and the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to name a few. Both of these cases involved the educational security of our children and ensured that each child no matter their race or economics would be entitled to a fair education.
The United States school system underwent major reform and an increase in political intervention when in 2002, President George W. Bush signed the No Child Left Behind Act which would provide a set of standards in which to hold individual schools accountable for their performance and provide measurements for student achievement based on guidelines set forth by each state. Opponents of the Act believe that increased disparity exists in the school system due to the resulting schools which are ironically the one's left behind.
Low performing schools due to a lack of parental support, inadequate staff and insufficient financial resources which are usually found within low income neighborhoods are abandoned by those households possessing the resources to place their children into schools which perform higher on standardized tests. (Thattai, n.d.), reported because of Public schools heavy reliance “on local property taxes to meet the vast majority of school expenses, American schools have thus tended to...