What Makes a Civilization?

Topics: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Roman Republic Pages: 2 (744 words) Published: May 12, 2013
What makes a great civilization?
A civilization depends on a number of factors which are important. These factors are the components that make a civilization. The main factors are good government and control, good geographical location, labour specialisation, complex beliefs and a unique writing system. Good control and good government is the most important factor in the development of a civilization. Suppose, the geographical location is very good for the civilization; there is easy access to a supply of freshwater, the land is fertile, and there are many animals that can be tamed. With good government and control, this land and the animals would be equally distributed among the people according to their merit. Thus there would be no fights are argument over the possession of land and property. However if there is no government or control present, the people would fight over who would take what, which will in the end result in a fallout, causing no civilization to be formed in the end. Rome is an example of good government and control, as they had a good army to defend the civilization against their enemies. They also had used the workers to build roads for safe transportation. Labour specialization is next because without dividing the jobs among different people, the people with jobs would have to multitask and this would reduce the efficiency of the whole civilization, as although there might be more quantity, the quality level would be very low. This will prove very difficult for the civilization; for an example, if many weak houses are built, the houses might soon collapse and the workers would have to build such houses again. However if a few strong houses are built at one go, the houses most probably will not collapse, allowing the workers to develop new houses, without wasting time on reconstructing collapsed houses. In Rome, slaves normally did the work which was not so appealing to the citizens. They helped to clean drains and also lifted heavy...
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