What Major Events Have Led to India’s Slums?

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What Major Events Have Led to India’s slums?
Imagine trash covering the streets, houses built with anything that can give efficient shelter, and 26% of children underweight or stunned. In India’s slums this is reality. Millions of people are living in India with no type of sanitation just outside its cities, where water is running perfectly fine. Over the years, the population of India has grown tremendously but so have its slums. India accounts for the country with the world’s largest population which also indicates a large poverty threshold. The country can only do so much to limit its poverty line but it seems that it hasn’t done enough. A great number of people are living in what are called “slums” outside of the cities. These slums are communities of shacks made of what little people can obtain. They have no access to any type of sanitation and only 35% of slum-dwellers get their supply of water from tap. The living conditions of these slums are very cramped and congested with shacks being as close as an arm measure away. Within just 10 years the populations of Indian’s living in these environments have risen from 27.9 million to 40 million. Today more than 32 percent of India's population live on less than $1.25 a day and more than 68 percent live on less than $2 a day, making up one-third of the total number of the world's people living in poverty. With the rate of poverty so great in India, it is no wonder that the number of Indians living in slums has more than doubled in the past two decades. With so many people living there, the city is unable to cope with the strain.

With the population growth, job availability is scarce and rare. This causes large numbers of unemployment. India’s rural migrants, desperate to escape poverty, flock to the cities. Many people cannot afford to live in the city, so they live just outside it and spend their time searching for work. Slum dwellers inhabit land that the city has not used, but are in fear that the...
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