Ecosystem is the physical system (an open system) in which the mutual interaction between biotic and aboitic component motored by the energy component is studied.
While the Ecology is the science which study the interrelation between Abiotic (inorganic) and Biotic (organic) components as well as the interaction among the biotic component.
To make it more clear, ecosystem is the fundamental unit of ecological study.
Ecology vs Ecosystem
Ecology and ecosystem are two confusing concepts for those who are not aware of them. Ecology is sometimes called study of nature. Well, it is, but it is much more than life sciences like biology and physics, and includes geography, environment, oceanography etc. It is a comprehensive study of organisms and their relation with the environment they live in and interact with one another. It includes the amount and spread of organisms and how and why their distribution is affected by their relationship with the environment. An ecosystem on the other hand is a subset of ecology and refers to a system that includes all the organisms in an area along with the physical environment they live in. There are many more differences between ecology and ecosystem that will be discussed in this article.
What is Ecosystem?
As described above, an ecosystem is the entire biological community in an area along with the physical and chemical environment that includes the non living, or abiotic components. An ecosystem boundary is not fixed in any way though sometimes they are obvious like a pond. However, those involved in studies of ecosystems generally demarcate the boundaries of an ecosystem for their convenience.
The main focuses behind study of ecosystems are the processes that link the living organisms in an ecosystem with the non living things or components. The energy transformations and biogeochemical cycles are the two processes between biotic and non biotic components that... [continues]
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