What Is Speech, Language and Communication

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Explain each of the terms speech, language, communication, speech, language and communication needs. EYMP5 (1.1)

Communication
A way of sending signal/information to other people. Includes body language, facial expressions, gesture and language Communication involves:
Sending information (Verbally o non verbally)
Receiving information
Interpretation
Understanding information
Communication refers to how we interact with others:
• Language is used to represent concepts and thoughts
• Using language in different ways; to question, clarify, describe etc. • Non-verbal rules of communication; good listening, looking at people Language
Structured communication with a set of symbols that are spoken written or signed. Language refers to speaking and understanding language:
• Using words to build up sentences, sentences to build up conversations and longer stretches of spoken language • Understanding and making sense of what people say.
Speech
Vocalized language
Speech refers to:
• Saying sounds accurately and in the right places in words • The sounds people use to communicate words
• Speaking fluently, without hesitating, or prolonging or repeating words or sounds • Speaking with expression with a clear voice, using pitch, volume and intonation to support meaning.

Speech, language and communication needs
Children with speech, language and communication needs (SLCN) find it difficult to communicate with others. Some children find it hard to understand what is said to them, form words and construct sentences, find the right words to express thoughts and feelings, and understand rules for social interaction and conversation. SLCN can have a lasting effect on children’s lives. Studies of children with SLCN have shown that children whose language difficulties are unresolved by the time they start school are more likely to have later academic, social and emotional difficulties associated with their language difficulty.
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