Journal Entry #1 What is Psychology
What is Psychology and when did it start? Psychology began about 125 years ago, back then it was defined as the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. Now it is described as the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. Psychology has many goals; they are to describe, predict, explain, and control behavior. African/ Black Psychology arose as an alternative to traditional psychology and its goals are different from that of traditional Psychology. Its goals are to describe the nature and limitations of classical psychology, to develop an alternative framework within Black behavior and lastly to liberate the Black mind. Two of the early and significant Africans to acquire the Eurocentric training in psychology and thus the Eurocentric designation of psychologist were Francis C. Summer and Herman G. Canaday. Both of these men used their training to answer to the circumstances of the African community. They were not considered Afrocentric, but their work was fundamental. Marucs M. Garvey also contributed in early psychological analysis of the African condition in America and through out the world mostly with their UNIA movement. UNIA was one of the largest independent movements of Black people ever developed in America. There was also Carter G.Woodson a black educator-historian. He was a very brilliant man. He contributed in many things but one of them was the “importance of exposure to African history in the mental/psychological liberation of he miseducated Africans of North America.” Edward Blyden was one of the most important non-psychologists African scholars. He lived in New York for a year and while he was there he joined the American Colonization Society. He was an active contributor for nearly 40 years and had many important works for African/Black Psychology, one of them being “Christianity, Islam and the Negro Race” (1877). He wanted the preservation of the African culture. He saw the Africa...
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