INTRODUCTION: WHAT IS POLITICAL SCIENCE?
Political science is a branch of the social sciences concerned with the study of the state, government, and politics. It is also defined as the study of government or political units. It deals extensively with the theory and practice of politics and political behavior. Political science is the analysis, description, and prediction of political behavior, political systems and politics. Political science is essentially a study of human behavior. Politics is an observational, not an experimental science. Political science was codified in the 19th century in the university of Columbia, when all the social sciences were already established. But political science has ancient roots; indeed, it originated almost 2,500 years ago with the works of Plato, Aristotle, Socrates and Xenophon. Political scientists study the roles and systems of governance including governments and international organizations, political behavior and public policies. They measure the success of governance and specific policies by examining many factors, including stability, justice, material wealth, and peace. 1) Politics involves change. Studying politics involves studying change—change in governments, laws, and political–social attitudes and opinions. 2) In an increasingly interdependent world even those changes that appear essentially domestic in nature may resonate with international significance. 3) Politics also involves decision making over the world’s resources. politics is about deciding who does and does not get access to what the world has to offer. 4) Political science is the academic discipline that seeks to understand the relationship between individuals and political institutions.
Indeed, politics encompasses all those decisions regarding how we make rules that govern our common life.
Governments, individuals, neighborhoods, interest groups, political parties, news media, business interests, professional associations,...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document