WHAT IS POLICING?
This essay will describe policing, and the role that is carried out by a number of professionals and ordinary people in our society. It will briefly illustrate how they help to control social order in the community. It will briefly describe the profession of the police, and that of community police, security guards, customs officers, and bouncers, and how they have helped, and continue to help reduce crime, and attempt to maintain order in our society today.
Policing is depicted as a way of crime control, “Policing refers to organised forms of order maintenance, peace keeping, rule or law enforcement, crime investigation, and other forms of investigations and information brokering” (Jones and Newburn 1998). The Police Force plays a major role of crime prevention in our society, as illustrated by Newburn “the role of the police is concentrated on the maintenance of law and order and the prevention and detection of offences” (Newburn 2008). Although police plays a major part, and holds more power than that of the other professionals, they are not the only organisation involved in policing.
Others include community police, whose job is working with the police and community, encouraging better relationships between the police and the public “Community policing holds out the promise of reduced levels of crime and disorder, improved quality of life for the community, a supportive environment for police operations and greater job satisfaction for police officers” (McLaughlin and Muncie 2006). They also provide a highly visible presence in the community responding to calls, to work with police officers on policing priorities, and to deal with anti-social behaviour.
Security guards is another form of social control that is used to control crime their work includes deterring individuals from committing criminal activities. They are also responsible for protecting facilities, employees, visitors, and the general public from hazards....
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