Explain a theory of religious ethics
An example of a theory of religious ethics is Jewish ethics. Judaism is a deontological theory as we have laws, and it is our duty to fulfil them. The main aspect of Jewish ethics is that it is monotheistic, meaning there is one G-d with one moral system for all Jews to follow. Thus, Judaism is heteronomous as the laws are G-d given. Judaism is a monotheistic religion, meaning there is one G-d with one moral system in which we must all abide by. This is evident in the first Ten commandment as it states, “I am the Lord your G-d”. This commandment is written in the singular, thus it evident that Judaism only has one G-d. The idea that Judaism is monotheistic is further displayed in the second commandment “You shall not worship idols”. Here G-d is prohibiting worshiping anything other than Him, highlighting Judaism to be a monotheistic religion. Another key aspect of Judaism is Love. The Torah teaches us to “love your neighbour as yourself”. Here we are being commanded to treat each other with respect and treat each other with love the way we would want to be treated. The idea that Judaism is based on love and care for each other is further highlighted in the book of Leviticus as it states, “Thou shalt not go up and down as a tale bearer among thy people”. A talebearer is any form of gossip; thus the quote is saying that it would be a violation of the mitzvah for anyone to speak about another person. Moreover, Judaism believes, that he who listens to Lashon Hara is in fact doing worse than the speaker, as no harm can be done by gossip if no one listens to it. This therefore shows that love is a key part of Jewish ethics as the laws go to extreme lengths to prevent any harm done to the people, showing Judaism cares and respects for every person. Judaism can be considered a relative theory of ethics. This is because many Talmudic laws have been interpreted differently. For instance, the laws on modesty; Ashkenazi Jews wear...
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