West Civ II
March 20, 2012
What’s the ISM?
What’s the meaning of ism? Ism is used to form uncount nouns that refer to political or religious movements and beliefs. It is also used to form uncount nouns that refers to attitudes and behaviors. For example, Buddhism, nationalism, heroism and pacifism are all ism. Ism is also used to form nouns that refer to unfair or illegal discrimination against particular groups of people. Examples of this discrimination based on racism, sexism, and disability. The political history of the western world begins with the rise of statism, goes through the age of absolute monarchism, building up to the French Revolution and the rise of nationalism. An analysis of the Western world reveals “isms” helped define, mold and shape their culture. Lets begin with Statism. Statism is defined, according to Merriam Webster, as concentration of economic controls and planning in the hands of a highly centralized government often extending to government ownership of industry. In the western world, we see rise of this beginning with the Mongol Empire. The Mongol Empire was the largest contiguous land empire in human history. From 1206 – 1297, the empire was unstoppable. This couldn’t have been done without the Khans. Beginning with Genghis Khan in 1206 through 1337 with Toghan Temur Khan, they conquest Central Asian steppes, Eastern Europe to the Sea of Japan, covering large parts of Siberia into Southeast Asia, Indian Subcontinent and the Middle East. Genghis did govern a code of law for the empire, which was called Yassa. Under Yassa, chiefs and generals were selected based on merits, Religious tolerance was guaranteed, and thievery and vandalizing of civilian property was strictly forbidden, those of ranks shared much of the same hardships as the common man. Penalties were also imposed; death penalty was decreed if one mounted a solider following another did not pick up something dropped from the mount in front. Penalties...
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