Daniel J. Lyons
University of Phoenix
BSHS/302 Intro to Human Services
January 10, 2011
What Is Human Services?
The field of Human Services in today’s society plays a very important role that has evolved over time to help people of all ages, races, and gender that cannot meet the basic needs to live a sustainable life. In order for one to understand how human services have become such an important part of society, one must understand the basic nature and purpose of the human services practice. This paper will discuss the goal of the human services field as well as the history of the practice. Professionals in the human services field all practice common intervention strategies and must meet certain ethical standards. All of this information will help one to understand what human services are. Even though human services have just started to develop professionally in the past century, the practice of helping others can be traced back to Biblical times (Martin, 2007, p. 21). The feudal system of the middle ages allowed lords to provide serfs, the lower class of the middle ages, with a job and a small amount of land. After populations grew, England developed “poor laws”. According to Martin (2007, p. 23) “England passed several relief laws during the mid 1500s through early 1600s, which set forth guidelines for dealing with the poor.” These laws allowed city officials to determine whether people were considered worthy or unworthy poor. By the end of the 19th century, formal handling of helping the poor and disabled began to develop. The first of these was the Charity Organization Societies and was created in New York City in 1877 (Martin, 2007, p. 26). After several policies and events in America, “the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) was created as the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare on April 11, 1953 (Department of Health and Human Services, 2006, p. 219). This part of our federal...