The purpose of this essay is to explain what fascism is and why it emerges.
Fascism is a political ideology that consists of an all powering totalitarian government, which has total control of the people, the nation and the economy. The fascist economic system creates an upper class for the owning/ruling class and leaves the working class in a lower state who in turn produce for the elite. To justify themselves as beneficial to the oppressed lower class, the fascist installs an extreme sense of Nationalisms and organicism. If these method do not work then force is used. Fascism emerges out of economic crisis, a revolutionary promise and reaction to capitalism. It is often allowed to emerge because it is usually easy to get support from the upper class.
The fascist political structure consists of a totalitarian government with an extreme sense of absolutism. Absolutism is the principle of a absolute power in control with power that transcends even the laws itself, under the control of one main dictator who carries traits of of a geniuses or of a hero. This way the masses can be drawn into him through emotion and appeal. With the totalitarian government the fascist has total control of the nation and the people.
Along with the fascist total ruling over the people and nation came its total ruling over the economy. Although different fascist have had different economic structures, all regimes more or less, have had the same model. The main defining character of the fascist economy is the principle of goverment-buisness relationship. Like the first fascist regime in Italy, its leader created a system where private ownership was allowed but state intervention was issued on management and labour. He did this by creating grouped established syndicates, such as "The National Confederation of Commerce" or the "The National Federation of Credit and Insurgence". The government then controlled these under managing agencies called "Corporations" which in turn would regulate issues and guidelines such as supply and demand, labour disputes or what interest the business is to aim at. Although the system is supposed to function as a partnership, the government is always in control and dominate.
Although the fascists claim this system is in the interest of the nation, it is only in the interest of more empowerment for the government. Due to this system both the states interest and the interest of the owning class are integrated which creates an elite. Therefore the development and technology only serves the interest of the elite and not the working class which is to be convinced to interact with promoting the sense that there dedication is necessary for the wellbeing of the nation.
Nationalism is a force which the fascist uses to eliminate conflict between social classes and restore unity through shared values such as race, language, religion and unifies men through symbols and traditions of a nation. It reduces the risk of liberal individualism and focuses on funnelling aggression into a powerful force and channelling it against outsiders so individuals will not question the state.
Nationalism often relies on the use of a scapegoat. The most blatant example of this was Hitler's scapegoating on the Jews. He would blame them for the defeat of Germany in World War 1, or claim they were the downfall of Germany. Hitler took this idea to an extreme and later went on to ethnic cleansing which resulted in the death of 6 million Jews.
Another method of motivating the masses is to present the concept of organicism. Organicism is the theory of viewing a nation like a growing powerful single body. It focuses on the idea that the body is made up of individual components all having individual functions, but are unimportant, and only important as a whole body. The fascist applies this principle to the notion that the individual is unimportant as a single person but...