This essay will o cultural differences, shaped by the space. intimate value chnages e Japanese pattern emphazises hierarchies¿Que es el habitar? – What is dwelling? “Man is being, actualizing, as far as he dwells.”
“Dwelling”, as the heart of our existence, concerns the establishment of an important relationship between a given environment and humans. Created from the inhabitants’ experience brought through time, the lived space reveals the “here of life” of a dwelling place. The private dwelling, such as a home, is a privileged entity with intimate value of the lived space. Public dwelling reflects a cultural pattern of how the intimate value changes in public due to cultural differences. Dwelling also reflects the “microcultural pattern’ of a society as a whole. This essay will reflect upon the meaning of dwelling as analysed by Martin Heidegger and connect it with the studies of Edward T. Hall about how humans perceive spaces differently because of cultural patterns in relation to other objects and theories of Alfonso López Quintás concerning how humans understand their surrounding. The triangle of building, dwelling and thinking
Martin Heidegger developed the idea of dwelling and it’s connections to building and thinking. Heidegger claimed that the idea of dwelling had fallen into oblivion because it wasn’t being understood from the “being” of man. However Heidegger, by using dwelling, building and thinking as a platform, established an understanding the being of the man. Dwelling is the space where man creates routines and habits. It is about making oneself at home where the home itself is any place for habitation. However, living is not the same as dwelling, yet resides in the same region as dwelling. To create an area to dwell one must construct. Construction has dwelling as it’s final goal but does not only construct for living, it constructs a place to remain. Heidegger examines the meaning of bauen, which is the verb “to build” in German. It has roots in the Old High German word, buan, which means, “to dwell”. In this context, to dwell means to remain, and infusing our being into a particular space. Bridges, airports and markets are not made to live in, yet man will still dwell in these constructions. Dwelling means any building or structure used and occupied for human habitation or intended to be so used. The space in which the human pervades and constructs in to access his dwelling is also a measure of though: by paying attention to our spaces, such as a bridge, we notice the essence of those spaces as objects. We dwell by thinking of spaces, and we dwell by building. Building and constructing is connected to a space, by turning them into locations. “Only if we are capable of dwelling, only then can we build”. Observant thought is crucial to dwelling; we think in a space with regards to the possibility of dwelling. If you change the way you dwell, you change the way you live and therefore the three components are dependent on each other. Heidegger theorises four elements, the fourfold, as being essential to our dwelling: "earth, sky, divinities and mortals". The earth is all that grows, or contributes to life, such as plants, animals, water or soil. The sky is linked to the light of the sun, the passage of time, and the weather. The divinities are invisible beings inbuilt in the world around us with their presence in the objects around us. The divinities are called forth by building. The mortals is human beings. Our humanity is our ability to think, to reflect. Our mortality is to be able to die and to know that we will die. Building, dwelling, thinking and dying, entails humans’ existence; therefore, only humans can truly dwell. The fourfold has presence in dwelling. All four elements are unified through humans being on the earth as human beings, and they are the eternal units as presented in the world through our dwelling. Following, this essay examines the different components of...
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