What is Arnis?
The names Arnis, Eskrima and Kali refer to weapons based martial art developed from ancestry in the Philippines. The Philippines are an archipelago of islands, and the names used vary with region. The art is referred to as Arnis in various regional languages, such as Pananandata in Tagalog; Pagkalikali, Ibanag; Kabaraon and Kalirongan, Pangasinan; Kaliradman, Bisaya; and Didja, Ilokano. Arnis is declared as the Philippine National Martial Art and Sport.
There are three (3) phases of Arnis; first Stick such as rattan, kamagon and bahi. Arnis sometimes called pang-or, kali, escrima, estocada, muton, baston and espada, second the Bladed weapon: kampilan, utak balisong, pinsawali, susuwat, kambantuli, janap, banjat, gayang, panabas, bankon, kalis, gunong and punal and the third Mano-mano Mano-Mano is the Filipino art of Hand-to-Hand combats. The art embodies all the techniques applied to stick fighting techniques, except the practitioner uses the different limbs of his body as striking tools, in lieu of the weapons. The technique movements and rhythm in Mano-Mano are similar to those of Arnis with slight deviations. Mano-Mano is a system that combines effective defensive and counter offensive tactics from all martial arts available in the world. Although, generally called a street fighting art. Mano-Mano prides itself of the simple and easy but debilitating techniques It possess. Mano-Mano is the empty hand of stick fighting (Arnis) developed centuries ago by the Filipino Fighters. Arnis is the “mother” of Mano-Mano an original and native Filipino art. It has gained popular adherents from all countries have been trying to preserve the genius of its forms that is desired to be left unscathed by the influence of other arts. The perspective gave rise to questioning the validity of its claims to defend the practitioner when he has no “rattan stick” with him. The constant sneer from other arts made way to the art of Mano-Mano which is the art of the cane is also the art of the hand in absence of a stick the hand to hand can function as replacement. Mano-Mano techniques and movements are derived from the use of Arnis, escrima or kali, which is literally the extension of our hands. The forms of paly: The Solo baston (single sticks), the sword and dagger (espada y daga) and the criss-cross fashion (double sticks). * Single stick or solo baston
It is the major fighting system of Arnis. Solo baston is not limited to stick alone it applies to bladed weapons. The system further can be extended to other ordinary objects such as umbrella, pen, walking sticks, comb, magazines and newspaper that are good examples of weapons. The solo baston system has traditional, modern techniques and applications. These techniques are the basic systems that develop skills in catching, grabbing, pulling and pushing, disarming, locking, striking, and blocking techniques.
* Espada y Daga (Sword and Dagger)
It is a simplified form of traditional Espada y daga or sword and dagger technique. The weapons used a short stick or a knife and a rattan stick. In
practicing the Arnis y Daga the proponent learns to combine long and short range tactics. Without the weapons the concept of Arnis y Daga is best expressed in long-short combinations such as an upper cut and a straight punch
* Double stick or Doble Baston
It is another major form of play in Arnis system. It is sometimes called Sinawali. Swinging the cane in a criss-cross movement performed in double stick. The movement of the Doble baston are essentially artistic but can also be used for self defense purposes. The Sinawali is an intrinsic part of Arnis practice, which requires the use of two sticks.
Explanation of the Art
Eskrima, Arnis and Kali, are different from many other martial arts in that the student it’s trained with weapons from the very beginning. The main training weapon is the baston, a rattan stick usually about 29 inches long. The baston is...
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