Discuss the extent to which you think these interventions can be effective.
This essay is going to explore three interventions made by schools that may promote better health in children; nutrition, health education and physical activity. Furthermore the essay will discuss the extent to which these interventions are effective by investigating the concept that locality has an impact on health and by using two case studies from the Understanding Health course book (Finlay et all 2009).
Locality can be a factor in influencing the decisions an individual makes which ultimately impacts their health. In section 5.1 of the Understanding Health course book an example is given with regard to obesity. If an individual wanted to lose weight through exercise but had no sports facility locally, their decision on whether to travel to another facility and if they could afford to do so would greatly impact their decision to exercise. But how does locality link into schools and health?
A report in Community care 2004 looks at a school in Padiham located in an area of high deprivation. A survey revealed that there was no physical activity programme and 82% of children were coming into school having not eaten any breakfast. As well as other initiatives, the headteacher introduced a breakfast club and activity lessons and play. The results are most powerful when looking at the SATS results the school achieved even with a high percentage of children in the special needs category. So locality and school interventions balanced each other to make positive changes for the children’s health.
The case studies used in section 5.2 discuss two pupils attending schools in Scarborough (Kate) and Chennai (Lakshmi). The intervention each school provides concerning nutrition is similar because they offer a free meal but the implications on the health of both children vary. Kate is...