Physical Education foundation
What impact has the 2008 National Curriculum for Physical Education, had in schools? How well does it equip children to want to take part in physical activity outside of school hours?
What impact has the 2008 National Curriculum for Physical Education, had in schools? How well does it equip children to want to take part in physical activity outside of school hours? Physical education is a vital part of education in schools and has changed significantly over many years and generations to become what it has now from the 1992 curriculum (Accessed at http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/1992/603/contents/made. Last accessed 13/03/2011) to the newly introduced 2008 curriculum. It has changed in many ways from the 1999 National Curriculum for Physical Education reviewed statutory orders (Physical Education, the National Curriculum for England, 1999) to the new National Curriculum in 2008 which is now implemented in schools everywhere. The new curriculum states that there should be High Quality Physical Education in schools, as this will help pupils with many aspects including body awareness and kinaesthetic. ‘High-quality PE curriculum enables all pupils to enjoy and succeed in many kinds of physical activity (QCDA, 2008). This has come in the form of a programme called ‘HQPESS’. HQPESS (High Quality Physical Education and School Sports) helps develop new teacher’s confidence and knowledge of delivering High Quality Physical Education, offering better provisions and school-club links. There has been an increase in the amount of P.E lessons pupils undergo in a week to produce High Quality Physical Education and Sports in Schools. “To increase the percentage of school children in England who spend a minimum of 2 hours each week on high quality PE and school sports within and beyond the curriculum to 75% by 2006” (DfES / DCMS, 2003, p.2) Strategies have been put into place to ensure that schools are providing high standards of Physical Education and more of it. Pupils also have to participate in a minimum of 2 hrs. of P.E a week as stated by DfES above. This is being increased to 5 hrs., of Physical Education and School Sport by 2011. This won’t just take place in school hours, some will be Extra-Curricular. Helping pupils to discover what they like, how, when and where they want to get involved as well as what their aptitudes are in school. Due to the inactiveness of society “The UK government has set a target for ‘70% of the population to be reasonably active (for example 30 minutes of moderate exercise five times a week) by 2020”(Allender et ell, 2006, p.15) Physical education in schools has helped heighten academic performance, undertaking exercise releases substrates called endorphins from your pituitary glands, a chemical which blocks feelings of pain, resulting in chemical reactions occurring, this has been proven to raise motivation and intern attitudes of individuals. Positive attitudes will be made, making people more willing to work, getting better grades and exam results. This will not only help in schools, but also society, as there will be many more academically intelligent people in high end occupations. ‘Recent research suggests that participation in extracurricular activities may increase students’ sense of engagement or attachment to their school, and thereby decrease the likelihood of school failure and dropping out.’ (Lamborn et al, 1992; Finn, 1993). Physical Education can also help enhance some basic skills in life such as social interaction, team work and individual work. Social skills improve due to the social interactions made at a young age in sports and games. These skills will help in every aspect later on in life from the working environment to a recreational environment. It can help in the transfer of skills, such as having the ability to control nerves which could be used in all environments not just in a competitive sporting context. It could cause negative and...
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