What Happened during the Mumbai Riots of 1992-93

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  • Topic: Mumbai, Bombay Riots, Babri Mosque
  • Pages : 19 (6845 words )
  • Download(s) : 80
  • Published : February 10, 2013
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1.| Introduction| 3|
2.| History| 4|
3.| Events| 5|
4.| The period subsequent to 20th Jan 1993| 20|
5.| The Bombings| 21|
6.| Total number of deaths| 22|
7.| Articles| 23|
8.| Conclusion| 26|
9.| Bibliography| 27|


The Bombay Riots of December 1992 and January 1993 resulted in the deaths of 900 people. An investigative commission was formed under Justice B.N. Srikrishna, but the recommendations of the inquiry were not enforced. The riots were followed by a retaliatory on 12 March 1993 Bombay Bombings, perpetuated by Muslim criminal groups with alleged help of ganglord Dawood Ibrahim and his D-Company syndicate, in which 250 people died. According to the Sri Krishna report, the immediate causes of the communal riots on 6 December 1992 were: (a) The demolition of the Babri Masjid mosque

(b) The aggravation of Muslim sentiments by the Hindus with their celebration rallies (c) The insensitive and harsh approach of the police while handling the protesting mobs which initially were not violent.

The riots started as a result of communal tension prevailing in the city after the Babri Mosque demolition on 6 December 1992. It has been reported in the shrikrishna commission that the riots occurred in two phases. The first was mainly a Muslim backlash as a result of the Babri Masjid demolition in the week immediately succeeding 6 December 1992 led by political leaders representing hindutva in the city of Ayodhya.The second phase was a Hindu backlash occurring as a result of the killings of Hindu MathadiKamgar (workers) by Muslim fanatics in Dongri (an area of South Bombay), stabbing of Hindus in Muslim majority areas and burning of six Hindus, including a physically handicapped girl in RadhabaiChawl. This phase occurred in January 1993, with most incidents reported between 6 January and 20 January. The Report asserted that the communal passions of the Hindus were aroused to fever pitch by the inciting writings in print media, particularly Saamna and Navaakal which gave exaggerated accounts of the Mathadi murders and the RadhabaiChawl incident; rumours were floated that there were imminent attacks by Muslims using sophisticated arms, though the possibility of it happening was very imminent. From 8 January 1993, many riots occurred between Hindus led by the Shiv Sena and Shiv Sainiks and the Muslims funded by the Mumbai underworld at that time. The communal violence and rioting triggered off by the burning at Dongri and RadhabhaiChawl and then the retaliatory violence by Shiv Sena was hijacked by local criminal elements who saw in it an opportunity to make quick gains. By the time the Shiv Sena realized that enough had been done by way of "retaliation", the violence and rioting was beyond the control of its leaders who had to issue an appeal to put an end to it




The events as listed by the Srikrishna Commission

6 December 1992
News of demolition of Babri Masjid spread by 2:30PM on 6 December 1992. The cry of danger to Islam was reverberated in the air by hotheaded Islamists. The Muslim extremists seized this opportunity to aggressively propagate that Islam was in imminent danger since proponents of the Hindu nation had been allowed to destroy, under the very nose of the armed forces, the Babri Masjid, despite assurances and undertakings by the Uttar Pradesh state Government and the Government of India that no harm would be permitted to be caused to the Babri Masjid during karseva at Ayodhya on 6 December 1992. The repeated media coverage, particularly on television, of footage of file pictures of previous karseva during which some of the karsevaks were seen dancing on the dome of the Masjid, as well...
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