What Efforts Were Made to Strengthen English Control over the Col...

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What Efforts Were Made to Strengthen English Control over the Colonies in the Seventeenth Century, and Why Did They Generally Fail?

By | September 2008
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The English crown tried to reassert their authority on the colonies after restoring power to the throne after the civil wars. After Charles II was restored to the British throne, he hoped to control his colonies more firmly, but was shocked to find how much his orders were ignored by Massachusetts. He gave royal charters to Connecticut and Rohde island and implemented the Dominion of New England. They generally failed because the English crown had left the colonies in isolation for many years, while it had to fight civil war. Suddenly after a taste of liberty, the colonies were not ready to subjugate themselves to the crown again. In 1643 the four colonies Massachusetts, Plymouth, Connecticut, and New Haven joined in the New England Confederation. It was weak and mostly Puritan, but it did count as a milestone toward American Unity. The colonies were basically allowed to thrive as semi-autonomous commonwealths. The Confederation also proved to be a means to defend against potential foes such as the Indians, French and Dutch. The English Crown tried to take control of the Colonies again after the civil wars in Old England, but like a parent isolating its child, the colonies had grown independent, and were not going to submit themselves to the crown again. Charles the II seeing how the Royal Orders had no effect on Massachusetts decided to take aggressive action, he decided that he would punish the Bay Colony by giving a sea-to-sea charter was to rival Connecticut in 1662, and giving a charter to Rhode Island in 1663. Finally, in 1684, the crown revoked Massachusetts’ charter. The Dominion of New England was created by Royal Authority and at first included all of New England, It aimed to bolster colonial defense and more importantly, to promote the efficiency in the administration of the English Navigational laws. These laws were about the colonial rivalries and aimed at repairing ties with the motherland England. Sir Edmund Andros was appointed to be the head of...

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