The main cause is not slavery, but SLAVERY is the main source of the causes!
The Civil War
Started 1861 1865, very bloody, deadly, 160 thousand people died War between the Confederacy and the Federal Government
Confederacy: the southern states (not all), based on slavery --- separation Federal Government: no separation allowed (Lincoln), keep unity!
Causes linked with slavery
Why South want to separate from North?
Culture = slavery dependence
Slavery = lifestyle
"Slavery is a positive good", there's slavery in the Bible "we're like their teachers, their fathers" --- idea of paternalism "Democracy is impossible without slavery" --- old fashioned is good Social and racial
Inequality b/w whites and blacks = normal
Clear separation of human levels --- black = slave = the worst "If you're white and poor you might suffer from hunger, but at least not a slave"
South economy depends on slavery = essential cheap workforce E.g. huge tobacco, cotton industry
Argue: prevents industrialization --- really needed?
Actions without thinking --- "Do as you would like other to do to you" Only considered their own ideas; conflict of interest:
o"Slavery is wrong" races are equal esp. the Radicals oPrevents Free Market whites less competitive, no wages, no jobs oInequality is high only few are rich
oIt's "Un-American" no equality, no human rights
Lincoln = the biggest threat "Slavery is wrong"
Prevents the states in Confederacy to leave Federal Government - sent armies to "protect" its own people --- lead: fire from Confederacy Southerners
Should negotiate with the Government about their concerns (slavery) Confederacy shouldn't fire
Propagandas, magazines, newspapers
If people didn't want to fight no soldiers no war!