Approximately thirty centuries ago, on a land known as Troy, a colossal war raged between Grecians and Trojans on behalf of three discrete reasons. As a result of this war, many lives were lost but the relentless Grecians eventually triumphed after ten tumultuous years. This grave war was fought because of the capture of Helen, the most beautiful and benevolent woman in all of Greece, she was also known as ‘the face that launched a thousand ships’. It is said that the apprehension of Helen was a result of the tragic curse on the House of Atreus. However, others believe the Trojan War occurred on account of Hercules mercy. Some still think the second collapse of Troy happened because of Paris’s gluttonous ruling. There could be an ample amount of reasons that can determine why exactly the Trojan War started, but the three primary reasons were, the First Fall of Troy, the Judgement of Paris, and the solemn curse on the House of Atreus.
First Fall of Troy
Once freed from slavery to Omphale, Heracles gathered an army to capture Troy and was joined by the hero, Telamon, son of Aeacus. At this time, Telamon was expecting a baby from his wife, Eeriboea. Heracles prayed to his father that Telamon's son would be brave. Zeus sent an eagle, as a sign of accepting his prayer. Telamon named his son, Aias (Ajax), after the eagle (Aietos). Aias became one of the leading warriors who fought at the Trojan War. Laomedon had refused to pay him, when Heracles rescued Hesione from the sea monster. Heracles had vowed vengeance. Poseidon and Apollo having to build the wall around Troy, making it quite impregnable. The only weakness to the wall were section built by Aeacus, Telamon' father. It was most likely that Telamon knew where the weakness is.
Landing in Troy with eighteen ships, they set about attacking Troy. It was Telamon who broke through wall (the part built by his father), leading the attack against Trojans. Heracles felt insulted and jealous, that Telamon would breach the wall before him. The hero would have killed his lieutenant, had Telamon not had the foresight to stop fighting and started piling stones. When the hero asked what Telamon was doing, Telamon replied that he was building an altar to Heracles. Heracles forgot his anger, since Telamon had flattered his vanity.
Laomedon and all his sons but the youngest, Podarces (Priam), were killed in the fighting. Heracles allowed Hesione to ransomed only one of the captives. Hesione ransomed Podarces by giving up one of her veil. Hesione was given to Telamon as a concubine, while Podarces stayed behind in Troy, succeeded his father, and changed his name to Priam.
Priam, along with the villagers of the town, rebuilt Troy far better than it ever was before. Priam had many children with his new wife Hecuba. The most renowned child of Priam and Hecuba was Paris, the eventual assessor of the goddesses and captor of Helen. Since Hercules allowed Priam to live, he unknowingly allowed Paris’s birth to take place; these births of Paris lead to another treacherous Trojan war.
The curse of the House of Atreus
Standing shoulder-to shoulder with the incestuous brood of Oedipus is the House of Atreus, the ancient royal family of Mycenae in Greece. Arguably the most important family in western literature, the descendants of Atreus suffered from an ancestral crime, variously described, that caused disastrous cycle of murder and revenge until finally Athena interceded and broke the cycle of murder and revenge.
Tantalus, the son of Zeus, wanted to prove that he was cleverer than the gods and attempted to trick them into eating the flesh of his own son Pelops. It is said that none of the gods succumbed to the ruse except Demeter, who was preoccupied with thoughts of her missing daughter Persephone. When Pelops was reassembled, the shoulder eaten by Demeter was replaced by one of ivory. Tantalus was cast into Tartarus, the pit beneath...