What Caused the First World War?

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There were four main causes of the First World War, these were: Militarism, Imperialism and Alliances and the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. In this essay I will be explaining how they sparked the war to happen. These are also divided in to long term and short term causes.

Militarism was when several different countries tried to increase their military. This led to an arms race between the main countries of Europe. Germany was competing with Russia and France to expand their armies this led to France and Germanys armies more than doubling between 1870 and 1914. Britain was also competing to build battleships with Germany. The total spent amount on arms increased by 50%. Militarism links to Imperialism because the tension created by the arms race was extended by the fight for land in Africa. Imperialism was when a country extends its power by taking over more land. The amount of lands owned by Britain and France increased the rivalry with Germany who had entered the race to take of colonies late so they had a small amount of land. Britain and France feared that Germany would try to attack their empire. An alliance is an agreement made between two or more countries to give each other help if it is needed. Europe was split into 2 alliances the triple entente (Britain, France, and Russia) and the triple alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy).It means that a small problem could turn into a big problem. This links to Militarism and Imperialism because is creates tension.

Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the air to the throne of Austria-Hungary. He was visiting Sarajevo (the capital of Bosnia) with is wife Sophia to inspect the troops. A Serbian terrorist group, called The Black Hand, had decided that the Archduke should be assassinated and the visit gave them the perfect opportunity. They threw a grenade at the Ferdinand’s car but missed and they got away unharmed. Ferdinand wanted to go and visit injured people in the hospital but the...
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