What Are the Possible Effects on Performance When a Performer Enters a Major Competition with a High Level of Anxiety? Discuss the Strategies and Techniques the Performer May Use to Manage Anxiety in the Build Up to the Competition.

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What are the possible effects on performance when a performer enters a major competition with a high level of anxiety? Discuss the strategies and techniques the performer may use to manage anxiety in the build up to the competition. Anxiety is the negative aspect of experiencing stress. Anxiety is the worry and unpleasant feeling experienced because of the fear or possibility of failure. Anxiety is seen to cause a negative impact on performance especially when levels are high. Anxiety can cause many side effects. These effects of anxiety are split into two categories: Cognitive and somatic anxiety. Cognitive anxiety is the thoughts, nervousness, apprehension or worry that a performer has about their lack of ability to complete a task successfully. As cognitive anxiety increases performance decreases. This is known as a negative linear relationship. The higher the level of cognitive anxiety suffered the worse your performance becomes. This happens because the cognitive anxiety causes the performer to become agitated and over worried about their performance. This then leads to the performer too loose concentration and focus on their performance therefore causing a decline. Somatic anxiety is the physiological responses to a situation where a performer feels that they may be unable to cope; symptoms include increased heart rate and breathing rate, sweaty palms, increased muscle tension and the feeling of nausea. This can then make it harder for the performer to move as freely as desired and put them off whilst competing. The increased heart rate and breathing rate can however prove to be beneficial to the performer. This is because it gets the performer ready to compete from the very beginning before they have even begun to start exercising. Somatic anxiety therefore has an inverted U theory relationship to performance. This is because there is an optimal amount which will provide optimal performance. Once the optimal amount of somatic anxiety is passed however...
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