What are the Different Text Types?

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What are the different text types?
There are four kinds of text types: Descriptive, Informative, Instructive, and Persuasive texts.

Descriptive Text
* A descriptive text is a text that wants you to picture what is being described.

* Descriptive texts usually make use of adjectives and adverbs; use comparisons to help picture the scene (something is "like" something else); employ the reader's five senses (how something feels, looks, smells, sounds, and tastes).

Informative texts
* An informative text is a text that wants to advise or tell you about something.

* Informative texts usually avoid repetition, contain facts and give information in a clear way, introducing the subject and then developing it.

Instructive texts
* An instructive text is a text that instructs or tells you how to do something.

* Instructive texts sometimes use verbs, placed at the beginning of the sentence that tell you to do something; the language is direct and unnecessary words are left out, use "must" and "must not", use diagrams or pictures to help understanding and use numbered or bulleted points.

Persuasive texts
* A persuasive text is a text that is constructed to make you do something.

* Persuasive texts may use repeated words, text in capital letters, exclamation marks, rhetorical questions, an emotional, one-sided argument and humor.

2 Major Classifications of a Text Type
1. What is the purpose of the text?
2. What is the text about?

Sources:
http://files.ynada.com/archive/Faigley%20and%20Meyer%20-%20Rhetorical%20theory%20and%20readers%20classifications%20of%20text%20types.pdf http://www.ischool.utexas.edu/~adillon/Journals/Towards%20a%20classification.htm http://www.bbc.co.uk/skillswise/factsheet/en03text-e3-f-different-types-of-text
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