Both Hinduism and Buddhism originated from the Asian culture. The religions share a very long history together and are somewhat comparable to Judaism and Christianity. The basic moral precepts of Hinduism are avoiding intentional injury to any being and truthfulness. Violating either one results in suffering until the effects of the act are exhausted. Some believe that spiritual practices such as repeating the name of God can reduce the bad effects of sin. Others hold that the law of karma is absolute, and every act must have its effect, in this life or a subsequent one. The ultimate goal of Hinduism is to be freed from the wheel of birth, death, and rebirth--to be free of karma entirely--and experience the innate freedom of the higher Self or God. The Buddhist view is that moral behavior flows naturally from mastering one's ego and desires and cultivating loving kindness and compassion. The foundation teaching of Buddhism, expressed in the Four Noble Truths, is that the stress and unhappiness of life is caused by our desires and ego-clinging. The "program," if you will, for letting go of desire and ego is the Eightfold Path. Ethical conduct, through speech, action and livelihood is part of the path, as are mental discipline through concentration and mindfulness and wisdom. The Buddhist Precepts are sometimes compared to the Ten Commandments. However, the Precepts are not commandments, but principles, and it is up to us to determine how to apply these principles to our lives. The ten Precepts are:
1. Not Killing.
2. Not Stealing.
3. Not Misusing Sex.
4. Not Lying.
5. Not Giving or Taking Drugs.
6. Not Discussing Faults of Others.
7. Not Praising Yourself While Abusing Others.
8. Not Sparing the DharmaAssets.
9. Not Indulging in Anger.
10. Not Defaming the Three Treasures.
The followers of Buddha and the followers of Siva could hardly stand each other in the...