What are remedies for the United States Government to control the situation of overpopulation in comparison to China and India?
Population has become a challenge in the world today. Between 1950 and 2000, the world's population more than doubled, from 2.5 billion to 6.1 billion (Speidel, 2009, 3050). Is there a way to control the population of the world? Many governments have implemented programs to reduce the population. When looking at the population at present, their efforts can’t be called a success. This paper looks at what the United States will do to control its population, and the reasons the country is experiencing higher population. Comparing the efforts of China and India, who are dealing with population issues as well, this paper forecasts some probable remedies for America to control its growing population. INTRODUCTION
Three countries with large populations are India, China, and the United States. People in other countries sometimes do not understand the benefits they receive. Having as many children as you want is a right Americans have. Americans feel this a right that couldn’t be taken from them. Overpopulation is an issue all people should think about. Groups like Greenpeace are interested in these issues and the world. Governments will have to be more involved to actually reduce population. T. R. Malthus is famous for his theory on population. His theory states that population tends to increase, at a geometrical ratio, faster than the means of substance, which increases at an arithmetical ratio. This will result in an inadequate supply of the goods supporting life, unless war, famine or disease reduces the population, or the increase in population is checked. In opposition of this theory, was Karl Marx, also known as the father of communism. Marx blamed capitalism for population growth. He claimed that when a society is well organized that increases in the population should lead to economic growth and prosperity, not poverty and malnutrition (Rigdon, 1996, p.545). This paper is not about these theorists or theories, however it is about a solution to correct the already overpopulated world. Has communism been forgotten? It shouldn’t be, so let’s remind ourselves that communist countries still exist. One communist country is one of the most populated in the world, China. Not only is this country over populated, but 25% of the current United States debt, is theirs. PROBLEMS THE US FACES TOWARDS CONTROLLING POPULATION
First let’s look at the problems the United States faces with its population. Factors that drive up the population of the country include immigration, abortion rules, inadequate teaching of adolescents, and higher pregnancies rates. Looking at statistics can give a general idea of the current situation. Both inequality and population growth are greater in the United States than in any other industrialized country (Abernathy, 2002, p.71). One out of every 10 women aged 15-19 in the United States becomes pregnant each year (Trussell, 1998, p.262). The U.S. population density in 2000 was only 30 people per square kilometer, a level substantially below the world average, but this masks large areas of much higher density (Rain, 2007, p.322). The United States lags substantially behind other countries in the delivery of contraceptive information and services to adolescents (Trussell, 1988, p.265). ABORTION VIEWS IN THE UNITED STATES
Americans have mixed views about abortion. Some are completely against, while others are for it. The people against can be termed “pro-life”, where the people for are termed “pro-choice”. Politics in America often involve the issue. A brief history of US legislation shows how drawn out America has made this issue. The US Supreme Court's 1965 Griswold v. Connecticut decision struck down Connecticut's ban on the use of contraceptives, altered enforcement and compliance across the United States. In the aftermath of this ruling,...
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