Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
__C_ 1. Motives activate behavior and propel the organism
a.|to flee.|c.|toward goals.|
b.|to respond.|d.|to drives.|
___D_ 2. Psychologists define hypothetical states that activate behavior and propel one towards goals as
__A__ 3. Motives are described as hypothetical states because
a.|they cannot be seen or measured directly.|
b.|they cannot be measured.|
c.|there is no theory of motivation.|
d.|they are questionable.|
___D_ 4. Motives can take the form of
a.|needs, drives, and incentives.|c.|stimuli, events, and actions.|
b.|requirements, desires, and impulses.|d.|both a and b|
___A_ 5. Examples of physiological needs are
a.|oxygen, food, water and proper temperature.|
b.|love, esteem and finances.|
d.|both a and c|
___D_ 6. Motives are believed to give rise to
__B__ 7. Needs can be described as
a.|physiological and psychological.|c.|psychological and spiritual.|
b.|physiological and biological.|d.|permanent states.|
__D__ 8. Physiological needs must be met
a.|by caretakers.|c.|in order to be happy.|
b.|by the environment.|d.|in order to survive.|
__C__ 9. An animal has requirements to eat and drink. A species must reproduce. Behavior is organized to maintain the proper temperature. These are all examples of
a.|learned behavior.|c.|survival needs.|
___C_ 10. Needs give rise to
__A__ 11. Hunger is to _______ as food deprivation is to _______.
a.|desire; motive|c.|incentive; drive|
b.|drive; need|d.|motive; desire|
__B_ 12. A need for approval may cause an individual to
a.|withdraw from others.|c.|seek to please others.|
b.|fear rejection.|d.|go without... [continues]
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