Western Transformation

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Katherine
HIST175

Essay#2

The Western transformation was a significant event in U.S. history. Along with this incident were a lot of questions about “why move West?” There were a plenty of answers responding to those; nevertheless, social factor and economic factor were two major reasons that essentially motivated Americans to leave their inhabitants for a new life in the West.

Social factor was an initial push. After the Civil war, settlers were encouraged to move westward by federal legislation such as the Homestead Act, which directly gave 160 acres of land to American citizens who were committed to settling on the land and who could pay the $10 registration fee. It was such a good deal for most Americans seeking opportunities that they could not find at home. Further more, this movement was meant to head to the land of individualism and sturdy independence; therefore, the Western expansion was an open door for African Americans to escape the old life of slavery in the South and completely start a new page in a place with inexpensive cost of living “Manifest Destiny” was a phrase that contributed to westward movement as well. The phrase coined by a NY journalist expressing the belief of many U.S. citizens that Americans had a duty to move west, thus they were doing "God's will." During the time of “Manifest Destiny”, there were also concerns that if Americans did not settle the West, other powers would. In consequently, those factors pushed many of them to be more willing to make a first move. Another reason was because of population pressure.  As the increasing immigration rates put pressure on cities and little land was available in the East for these new settlers, East Coast cities filled up and jobs became scarce; therefore, most people believed that they would find more available spot and yet be able to start over for a better living conditions in the West.

Economic factor was one of the main reasons that strongly attracted many people to...
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