Western Ideals and World War II
March 26, 2011
Western ideals and World War II
Hundreds of philosophers and historians possess the concern of how the modern world has come into being. Many issues, from The Great War to World War II have effects society today. This paper will trace the rise of totalitarianism in Germany as well as other European countries between 1918 and 1939, and the contrast to political developments in Great Britain, France, and the United States. In this paper the subject to explain is the Holocaust in the context of World War II and Western ideals, including the roots of anti-Semitism and intolerance of those considered inferior in Germany, a comparison of anti-Semitic actions in Germany, also an explanation of The Final Solution. This paper concludes with a description of the aftermath of World War II. After World War 1, the German government was facing thousands of difficult problems as society search for someone to blame for the defeat in the First World War. Extremists from all sides sent threats to revolts. The extreme inflation causes Thousands of Germans to have any faith in the German government. Hitler gains control of the Nazi party in the 1920s, an organization, which is anti-Semitic. Hitler gains popular political credibility by placing the responsibility on the Jews for Germany's defeat in the First World War. Hitler also blames Jews for Germany’s economic problems. “What is less understood are the political conditions associated with the rise of Hitler and fascism” (Knudson, 2006). Hitler informs the Germans that they belong to a superior race, which is meant to rule the world, better known as the Aryan race. “Hitler had already started his political career in 1919, and had been influenced by this kind of Pan-German thinking” (Noakes, 2010). The Great Depression causes the unemployment rate to rise; thousands of desperate people began to trust Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party. Hitler uses a threat of a communist uprising in 1933 and gains political power. Hitler moves against all opposing parties and set up radical, authoritarian nationalist political ideology state in Germany. The Nazi party uses hundreds of techniques of Mussolini and Stalin to design a totalitarian state in Germany. Hitler encourages the Germans work hard, service the state, and sacrifice for the state. The secret police, better known as the Gestapo arrested suspicious Nazi opposition. To glorify the goals of the Nazi party, Hitler used schools, the press, and churches. Hitler promotes a violent campaign against Jews, sending thousands of Jews to concentration, or to prison. Hitler wanted to increase the economy and decrease the unemployment rate; therefore Hitler promotes building programs, places strict controls on prices and wages and banns strikes. Hitler also violates the Versailles Treaty by increasing the German military. The League of Nations did little to neutralize the Nazi party as Hitler began to expanding German territory and live out his dream. “As the birthplace of the Nazi Party and the official Capital of the Movement, Munich assumed a high profile within the party’s propaganda apparatus” (Hagen, 2008). The Bolshevik party starts as a small party in its rise to power. Skillful techniques allow the Bolshevik party to maintain power in Soviet Union. Under the leadership of Lenin, the Bolsheviks changed some of the policy with the people’s needs in mind to maintain power. During the seventh Congress the Bolsheviks changed their name to Russian Communist Party in March 1918. “Although no detailed figures have been published on the extent of these latest cleansings, it is believed in Moscow that in November 1937 the Communist Party numbered approximately 1,500,000 members and candidates, less than half its strength five years before” (Barnes, 1939). After World War 1, political, and economic problems floods Italy....
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