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FACULTY OF MEDICINE, MASARYK UNIVERSITY, BRNO
Admission test:

BIOLOGY

A

Year: 2011

Name of applicant: .....................................

1. The double helix structure of DNA was discovered by:
a) T.H.Morgan
b) Ch.Darwin
c) J.D.Watson and F.Crick
d) J.G.Mendel
e) none of the answers is correct
2. A shortage of phosphorus in the soil would make it especially difficult for a plant to manufacture:
a) fatty acids
b) phosphorylated proteins
c) cellulose
d) DNA
e) none of the answers is correct
3. The flagellum of eukaryotic cells has a structural basis similar to: a) a bundle of collagen fibres b) the cilia of Paramecium
c) the flagellum of a bacterial cell
d) the tail of a bacteriophage e) none of the answers is correct 4. In the following three columns, cell constituents, biochemical components and biochemical functions are listed. Which of the triads has a meaning?

a) cytoplasm
histamine
protein synthesis
b) vacuole
vitamin C
glucose oxidation
c) Golgi apparatus
uracil
synthesis of RNA
d) mitochondria
phosphorus
synthesis of ATP
e) none of the answers is correct
5. To record the movement of chromosomes in a dividing cell one would choose the following: a) a bright-field light microscope, because it permits good visibility of stained chromosomes b) a phase-contrast light microscope, because it permits good visibility of condensed chromosomes c) a transmission electron microscope, because of its greater resolving power d) a scanning electron microscope, because it permits viewing of living specimen e) none of the answers is correct

6. Which response correctly lists the proper biological organization? a) atoms, molecules, cells, tissues, organs
b) molecules, atoms, cells, organs, tissues
c) atoms, molecules, cells, organs, tissues
d) molecules, atoms, organs, cells, tissues
e) none of the answers is correct
7. Which of the following stimulates the release of neurotransmitters from the synaptic terminal (terminal bulb)?
a) chloride ions
b) calcium ions
c) sodium ions
d) iron ions
e) none of the answers is correct
8. Which of the following is true about plasma membrane?
a) it is a rigid structure containing proteins and lipids
b) it consists of a double layer of phospholipids with protein molecules embedded in the lipid bilayer c) it consists primarily of protein with a small amount of lipid d) it consists of a polysaccharide layer, in plant cells preferentially from cellulosic microfibrils e) none of the answers is correct

1

9. Mutations
a) are changes in the protein structure that alter their structure and function b) are heritable alteration in the nucleotide sequence of a chromosome c) are of little concern in cells because proteins are so large and a change in one or two amino acids has little effect

d) are variations of the phenotype
e) none of the answers is correct
10. What will enable you to distinguish between a prokaryotic and a eukaryotic cell? a) presence or absence of a rigid cell wall
b) presence or absence of ribosomes
c) presence or absence of the plasma membrane
d) presence or absence of the nucleus with a nuclear envelope e) none of the answers is correct
11. The mitotic spindle first appears during
a) prophase
b) metaphase
e) none of the answers is correct

c) anaphase

12. During mitosis, chromosomes begin to separate in
a) prophase
b) metaphase
c) anaphase
e) none of the answers is correct

d) telophase

d) telophase

13. Germ cells
a) in humans contain 46 chromosomes
b) are diploid
c) contain XX or XY combinations of sex chromosomes
d) contain half the number of chromosomes of somatic cells
e) none of the answers is correct
14. The most abundant protein in the body is
a) DNA
b) starch
c) cellulose
e) none of the answers is correct

d) collagen

15. Plants are part of a group known as a
a) genus
b) family
e) none of the answers is correct

d) species

c) kingdom

16. Endocytosis is accomplished...
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