What were Sir Robert Peel's 12 principles of reform and how do each of them stand up today? Support your answer.

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Peel's Principals, established with the Metropolitan Police Act of 1829, (Johnson, H. & Wolfe, N., 2003, pg 211)

1.) The police must be stable, efficient, and organized along military lines.

Officers are trained in seeing the areas that the patrol as they are. Since officers no longer walk the 'beat', they have to rely on community involvement and outside tips. Police brutality is something that is taught to control while being trained. The issues of police brutality are played up by the media more now because it happens rarely. Working together with the community shows the stability not only of the community, but the officers who patrol. Efficiency is the follow-up from phone calls, tips, or suspicious activity. Organization comes from the Chief of Police all the way down the line to the dispatcher.

2.) The police must be under government control.

Officers must report all of the activity that they witness and follow-up. Documentation is detailed back at the station. Officers are to enforce the government's laws whether they agree or disagree with the laws. The police are also unable to go on strike because it might cause more crime if the criminals know ahead of time about a possible union type strike.

3.) The absence of crime will best prove the efficiency of police.

People in the community believe that if they do not hear anything about crime that the police are doing their job. The same goes for the government and other various agencies and organizations.

4.) The distribution of crime news is essential.

I love receiving information about crime in my area. It keeps me abreast of information and what is going on outside of my home. It also plays a role in where people want to live. The more we know about the world around us, the more we can prepare to keep looking for it. I know that if an Amber Alert comes across my television or I see it on the freeway signs, I will help look for the car and child to the best of my ability. Shootings...
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