The Post-World War One era saw great fluctuation in European politics. This ranged from the fascist control in Italy under Mussolini to the Stalinist regime of the Soviet Union. Perhaps no other nation saw such a dramatic governmental fluctuation, as did Germany. Germany began this time period as the staunch democracy of the Weimar Republic, but was later turned to the fascist dictatorship of Adolf Hitler. The most important overall reason for this severe change in government was the Weimar Republic’s instability. The instability of the Weimar Republic can be attributed to the fact that government did not have clear goals or popular support, and the remaining appeal of military force and firm control among the German citizenry. The government of the Weimar Republic operated without a single, clear goal, which significantly hurt its stability. There were many political parties whose goals directly clashed with each other. This created a situation where government was detrimentally left without a clear-cut message to the people. This political conflict can certainly be seen in the conflict between the German Democratic Party, which was and the Communist Party. Ernst Troeltsch, a part of the German Democratic Party, wrote that, “The development will not stop at democracy, and a ‘dictatorship of the proletariat’ will assume the form of terrorist domination by a minority”. The words of Troeltsch are only moderately reliable, however, because as a politician, he is likely to over exaggerate the consequences of opposition’s control. This depiction of German politics stands in stark contrast to the views of the Communist Party and member Clara Zetkin’s opinion, even though both groups were on the same side of the aisle. “The only reliable guarantee of victory over monarchist militarism is the absolutely necessary development of the proletarian revolution…”. Clearly, these two powerful parties’ opposite opinions on the goals of Weimar government would...
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