Identify and describe two reasons why Irene Rubin (Stillman, Chapter 12) believes that budgets are political It is my belief that Ms. Rubin believes that budgets are political due to its use as a vehicle for imposing control, economy, and efficiency in government. Secondly, she believes the perspectives of budgets are frequently held by political scientists, budgeting specialists, and public administration practitioners. Rubin envisions government budgets as “not merely technical managerial documents” but rather “they are also intrinsically and irreducibly political. (Stillman, p344)
Explain and take a position on at least two indications from the U.S. Federal Deficit Chart and the 2012 U.S. Budget used for determining the political nature of budgets. The two indicators determining the political nature of budgets are: Gross Domestic Product (GDP) which is the market value of all final goods and services produced and purchased within a country during a given time period. There are two ways to measure GDP: Nominal GDP is the value of production at current market prices, measured in millions of US Dollars. Real GDP is the value of production using a given base year prices, presented at constant (2012) market prices measured in millions of US Dollars. GDP per capita is calculated by dividing either nominal or real GDP for a given year by the population in that year. These numbers can be thought of as the average share of output per person. http://www.usgovernmentspending.com/federaldeficitchart.html Stillman, R. J. (2010). Public Administration: Concept and Cases (9th ed.). Mason, OH: Thompson-Wadsworth-Cengage.
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