Long-term Memory is the ability to maintain information as little as a few days or as long as years. Long-term memory is closely connected to short-term memory, whereas actions stored for a short time can become long-term through the process of practice and reflective association. As stated by Parente and Stapleton (1993), “Information makes its way into your memory through your senses. It is then processed by multiple systems throughout your brain and stored for later use. “ The long-term memory is able to divide its types of memories into two basic categories: Procedural (implicit) memory is a part of the long-term memory that is responsible for knowing how to do things. Typically this type of memory is responsible for remembering everyday things, like brushing your teeth, locking your front door when you leave, or zipping your jacket. Typically, this type of memory becomes so ingrained that it requires very little conscious effort or thought to carry out the action. Declarative (explicit) memory is conscious memory. Declarative memory stores information about facts and the relationship between them. Declarative memory can be further divided into episodic memory and semantic memory. It is knowledge of facts and events that includes both time-related data of past experiences and fact-related data. •
Semantic memory is a part of the long-term memory responsible for storing information about the world and what you’ve learned. It relates to remembering dates; such as your mother’s birthdate, the time a specific event happened, and other important information (Feldman. Psychology and Your Life. 2009).
Episodic memory is a part of the long-term memory responsible for storing information about events such as what you ate yesterday and situations that we have experienced throughout life. The episodic memory acts as the memory for when and where (McLeod. Long Term Memory. 2010). When it comes to long-term memory and critical thinking, those are two important...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document