Week 2 Checkpoint Delinquency Deterrence Response

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Delinquency Deterrence Response

T. Edwards


Martin Nealeigh

January 7, 2011

It is said that the human mind can be a very complex web of thoughts. Thoughts that

can sometimes lead to good or bad actions. Does the actual threat of punishment deter

or does it encourage juvenile delinquency? This question happens to hold two answers

one being yes and the other no. Juvenile delinquency has existed for years but as we all

know it is not a problem that blooms overnight. Juvenile delinquency is a manifested

state that is learned and its causes are manifested from in the home (dysfunctional or

broken), school (pressure to succeed), friends (peer pressure) and family (need to

escape for some reason or another).

According to Thomson Learning Inc. Juvenile Delinquency: The Core (2005),
for some children and teenagers the threat of punishment is so realistic that this

method provides an opportunity for those individuals to do right. This may be because

the individuals rational thought process and the enforcement of punishment either has

been already enforced or the fear of being caught is too high of a price for the

individual to accept. On the other hand there are children and teenagers who do not

fear punishment or any other consequences that may come from their bad actions.

Furthermore, for some individuals the thought of being punished only enrages and

encourages some individuals to continue their bad ways.

It s said that in order for a plant to grow and bloom it has to be fed and nurtured.

This process is no different when it comes to raising children and teenagers. When

children or teenagers are raised in dysfunctional homes with parents that encourage

bad behavior and no discipline enable these individuals to do wrong. Living in a home

with parents that consume alcohol, do drugs, steal and party on a regular basis

encourages these individuals to become delinquent. A child or teen being raised in that

type of environment may assume and be encouraged to think that it is okay to live that

way. Being encouraged by peers to do wrong is not right but to be encouraged by ones

own parent is considered an act that deems detrimental to any child or teenagers life.

The reason for this is because consequences and correction for their bad actions does

not exist (Thomson Learning Inc., 2005).

Some examples of general deterrence, specific deterrence and situational crime

prevention strategies are as followed. General deterrence basically is if an individual

believes that they will be caught in an act for example like holding up a convenience

store and their punishment will be executed to the fullest for that crime. There is the

possibility that the crime will not be committed because the punishment far outweighs

the crime. Specific deterrence is used to lessen the probability of having a repeat

offender. An example of specific deterrence is the three strike law. This method plainly

states that a person who is tried for the same offense will go to jail for committing the

same crime on a third offense. There are no breaks or excuses due to the fact that the

three strike laws were implemented from a previous offense. Situational crime

prevention is the ability to reduce and curb the tendencies of criminals by making their

actions harder to commit. This can be done by having neighborhood watch groups in

conjunction with police patrol at simulated times of the day. Store owners can have

cameras placed in inconspicuous areas of their stores along with having tampered proof

glass or window bars on their stores. The key in situational awareness is to make the

offender thinks twice about their actions and how will it benefit them if they are

caught (Thomson Learning Inc., 2005).

As kids growing up we were always told...
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