Week 2 Assignment Crj 308

Topics: Crime, Research, Sociology Pages: 2 (654 words) Published: May 19, 2013
The article titled “Effects of Serious Mental Illness and Substance Abuse on Criminal Offenses for analysis” contains the study conducted to determine the consequences of serious mental illness and substance abuse on the criminal offenses of a group of community residents who had serious mental illness, as well as co- occurring disorders of substance abuse. The study was conducted by John Junginger, Keith Claypoole, Ranilo Laygo, and Annette Crisanti. The research focused on the effects of serious mental illness and substance abuse on criminal offenses. This objective was informed by the need to explore how serious mental illness and substance abuse relates to criminal offences. For quite a while now, some people have believed by that serious mental illness has been “criminalized”, and the study sought to analyze the veracity of this belief. These effects were studied for 113 post booking jail participants together with their counterparts who were non-diverted (Junginger et al, 2006). Researchers in this study studied 113 community residents who had participated in the Hawaii Jail Diversion Project and had thereafter been arrested for various criminal offenses. The researchers applied research methods to complete the project; after obtaining Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval from the Hawaii Department of Health and the University of Hawaii, Manoa, the researchers proceeded with their research. They obtained information on the cause of index offense by asking the participants probe questions (3 or 4) during the intake interview of the project, which was undertaken within seven days of the participant’s arrest. After getting responses to the probe questions, they used identical 5-point scales to independently estimate the probability of whether the index offense was due to direct or indirect consequences of substance abuse or serious mental illness. This estimation is what was used to get the results of the project, and consequently the discussion...
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