Refer to the charts on p. 6 & p. 20 of Psychology and Your Life. Identify the five major perspectives in the field of psychology and list one subfield for each.
In the Charts referred to above, the five major perspectives in the field of psychology include Neuroscience Perspective, Cognitive perspective, Behavioral perspective, Humanistic perspective, and Psychodynamic perspective.
These five perspectives deal with issues ranging from Nature vs. Nurture, Conscious vs. Unconscious behavioral determinants, Observable behavior vs. internal mental process, freewill vs. determinism and individual differences vs. universal principles.
These issues sum up the activity of the entire man and his behavior to life.
The various subfields for each of the perspective above include but not limited to:
Subfield: Behavioral Neuroscience- which examines the biological basis of behavior
Subfield: Cognitive Psychology-this deals with the study of higher mental process.
Subfield: Developmental psychology – It examines how people grow and change from The moment of conception through death
Subfield: Experimental Psychology- It deals with the study of the processes of sensing, perceiving, learning and thinking about the world.
Subfield: Social Psychology- which deals with the study of how people’s thoughts , feelings and actions are affected by others.
The field of psychology is an interesting field of human endeavor in that it covers all areas of life. It has been broken down into pieces for proper appreciation and application. This is to further help psychology to understand the fundamentals in dealing with issues. The various perspectives or dimensions to it are to further demonstrate a deep understanding of the society and sphere of influence in which it operates.
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