Weber’s Economy and Society
Max Weber defines sociology as a science which attempts the interpretive understanding of social action to arrive at a casual explanation of its course and effects. He also defines social action as the action is social in so far as by virtue of the subjective meaning attached to it by acting individual it takes account of the behavior of others and is thereby oriented in its course. It includes all human behavior when and in so far as the acting individual attaches a subjective meaning to it. Social action may be oriented to past, present, or predicted future behavior of others. (35) Max Weber’s approach to sociological inquiry came from his theory of systematic, empirical, historical research. He examined the relationships between the respective roles of history and sociology in inquiry. His formulation of causality explains the great variety of factors that may precipitate the emergence of complex phenomena such as modern capitalism. Max Weber's sociology is fundamentally a science that employs both interpretive understanding and causal explanations of social action and interaction. According to Max Weber, social action may be classified as means-ends rational action, value-rational action, affectual action, or traditional action. (42) Weber's attempt to constitute his sociological orientation was based on concepts such as meaning, social action, interpretation, methodological individualism. Weber interpreted the methodological foundation of Sociology into two simple meanings. The first is given concrete case of a particular actor, or average or approximate meaning attributed to a given number of actors. The second is theoretically conceived pure types of subjective meaning attributed to hypothetical actors in a given type of action. Weber developed a multidimensional theory of stratification that incorporated class, status, and party. According to Weber all communities are arranged in a manner that goods, tangible and...
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