Wealth of Networks

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  • Topic: The Wealth of Networks, Commons-based peer production, Yochai Benkler
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  • Published : December 9, 2012
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The Wealth of Networks

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The Wealth of Networks
How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom

Yochai Benkler

Yale University Press New Haven and London

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Copyright 2006 by Yochai Benkler. All rights reserved. Subject to the exception immediately following, this book may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, including illustrations, in any form (beyond that copying permitted by Sections 107 and 108 of the U.S. Copyright Law and except by reviewers for the public press), without written permission from the publishers. The author has made an online version of the book available under a Creative Commons Noncommercial Sharealike license; it can be accessed through the author’s website at http://www.benkler.org. Printed in the United States of America. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Benkler, Yochai. The wealth of networks : how social production transforms markets and freedom / Yochai Benkler. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN-13: 978-0-300-11056-2 (alk. paper) ISBN-10: 0-300-11056-1 (alk. paper) 1. Information society. 2. Information networks. 3. Computer networks—Social aspects. 4. Computer networks—Economic aspects. I. Title. HM851.B457 2006 303.48'33—dc22 2005028316 A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. The paper in this book meets the guidelines for permanence and durability of the Committee on Production Guidelines for Book Longevity of the Council on Library Resources. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 STRANGE FRUIT By Lewis Allan 1939 (Renewed) by Music Sales Corporation (ASCAP) International copyright secured. All rights reserved. All rights outside the United States controlled by Edward B. Marks Music Company. Reprinted by permission.

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For Deb, Noam, and Ari

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“Human nature is not a machine to be built after a model, and set to do exactly the work prescribed for it, but a tree, which requires to grow and develop itself on all sides, according to the tendency of the inward forces which make it a living thing.” “Such are the differences among human beings in their sources of pleasure, their susceptibilities of pain, and the operation on them of different physical and moral agencies, that unless there is a corresponding diversity in their modes of life, they neither obtain their fair share of happiness, nor grow up to the mental, moral, and aesthetic stature of which their nature is capable.” John Stuart Mill, On Liberty (1859)

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Contents

Acknowledgments
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Introduction: A Moment of Opportunity and Challenge

Part One. The Networked Information Economy 2.

Some Basic Economics of Information Production and Innovation Peer Production and Sharing The Economics of Social Production

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3. 4.

Part Two. The Political Economy of Property and Commons 5. 6. 7.

Individual Freedom: Autonomy, Information, and Law Political Freedom Part 1: The Trouble with Mass Media Political Freedom Part 2: Emergence of the Networked Public Sphere

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viii

Contents

8. 9. 10.

Cultural Freedom: A Culture Both Plastic and Critical Justice and Development Social Ties: Networking Together

273 301 356

Part Three. Policies of Freedom at a Moment of Transformation 11.

The Battle Over the Institutional Ecology of the...
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